Investment Fraud Defense Attorneys
Investment fraud refers to deceptive schemes where individuals or entities misrepresent or conceal critical information to induce investors to make financial decisions based on false or misleading information. Federal laws, including 18 U.S.C. § 1348, are in place to address investment fraud. Key elements of investment fraud include making material misrepresentations or omissions, typically in connection with the offer, purchase, or sale of securities. This can include false statements about a company’s financial health, revenue projections, or the investment’s potential returns.
- Bernard Madoff’s Ponzi Scheme: One of the most infamous cases involved Bernie Madoff, who operated a massive Ponzi scheme, defrauding thousands of investors out of billions. Madoff fabricated investment returns and concealed losses, leading to his eventual arrest and imprisonment.
- Enron Scandal: Enron’s executives engaged in accounting fraud, misleading investors about the company’s financial health and causing its stock to plummet. The Enron scandal resulted in severe financial losses and led to the bankruptcy of the once-prominent energy company.
A Ponzi scheme is an investment scheme in which investors are promised high returns in a short amount of time. Investments can be advertised as anything, examples being securities, a hedge fund, mutual funds, or even postage stamps (the scheme was named after Charles Ponzi, who in the 1920’s duped investors into investing into postage stamp speculation). The Ponzi scheme usually offers returns that other investments cannot guarantee in order to entice new investors. The scheme is fraudulent because returns are paid to investors from their own money or money paid by subsequent investors rather than from any actual profit earnings. The scheme requires an ever-increasing flow of money from investors to keep it going. It eventually collapses because the earnings are less than the payments.
However, not all Ponzi schemes start out fraudulent. Some begin as completely legitimate investments. If the investments don’t do well the person or persons offering the investment may panic and pay some dividends acquired from new investors until things get better. But as cash is continued to be used to pay off earlier investors, the whole scheme eventually collapses.
How are Ponzi Schemes usually charged?
If you are accused with running a Ponzi scheme, you may face charges filed by the State of Arizona, the federal government, or both. Ponzi schemes are a type of financial fraud which can be investigated by Arizona agencies as well as federal agencies such as the SEC, the FBI, or the U.S.Department of Justice. Ponzi schemes can include, but are not limited to, the following types of financial fraud charges:
- mail fraud
- wire fraud
- securities fraud
- commodities fraud
- lottery fraud
- real estate fraud
- tax evasion
- Lack of Intent: The defendant may argue that they did not intend to defraud investors and that any inaccuracies were honest mistakes or the result of misunderstandings.
- Reliance on Expert Advice: If the defendant can demonstrate that they relied on the guidance of financial experts, they may argue they had a reasonable belief that their investment decisions were sound.
- Insufficient Evidence: Challenging the prosecution’s evidence by asserting that it does not establish the necessary elements of investment fraud beyond a reasonable doubt.
- Compliance with Regulatory Requirements: The defendant may assert that they complied with relevant regulatory requirements, demonstrating that their actions were not fraudulent.
Investment fraud is a serious offense that can result in substantial fines and lengthy imprisonment. When facing such charges, consulting with an experienced criminal defense attorney is essential to assess the specific circumstances of the case and develop a robust defense strategy to protect the defendant’s rights and interests.