Financial Litigation Unit at the Department of Justice

The Financial Litigation Unit (FLU) at the Department of Justice (DOJ) is a specialized division within the DOJ responsible for recovering outstanding debts owed to the federal government. FLU plays a vital role in enforcing financial judgments and orders, ensuring that individuals and entities who owe money to the federal government, whether through fines, penalties, or civil judgments, fulfill their financial obligations. This unit’s work involves a variety of legal actions aimed at recovering owed funds, such as asset seizures, wage garnishments, and settlements, ultimately helping to safeguard the fiscal interests of the United States government.

Brief History

The Financial Litigation Unit was established within the Department of Justice as part of the Tax Division. It initially focused on enforcing tax-related debts, particularly in the areas of tax fraud and evasion. Over the years, its mandate expanded to encompass a broader range of financial obligations owed to the federal government. Today, FLU operates within the broader framework of the DOJ’s Civil Division and collaborates with various federal agencies, such as the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), to recover debts owed to the United States.

Role and Responsibilities

  • Debt Recovery: The primary mission of FLU is to recover debts owed to the federal government. FLU attorneys work on behalf of various government agencies to pursue individuals or entities who have been legally ordered to pay a financial obligation.
  • Enforcement of Civil Judgments: FLU is responsible for enforcing civil judgments and court orders for financial restitution, fines, penalties, or other monetary sanctions. This may involve tracking down assets and seizing them as necessary.
  • Wage Garnishments: FLU has the authority to initiate wage garnishments, ensuring that debtors make regular payments to satisfy their debts through income deductions.
  • Asset Seizures: FLU may seize and sell assets belonging to debtors who refuse or fail to fulfill their financial obligations, such as real estate, vehicles, and bank accounts.
  • Negotiating Settlements: FLU attorneys negotiate settlements with debtors when appropriate, aiming to resolve outstanding financial obligations through mutually agreed-upon terms.


FLU’s impact is substantial, with impressive debt recovery statistics. In fiscal year 2021, FLU collected over $2.6 billion in debts on behalf of the United States government. These recoveries contribute significantly to federal agencies’ financial health, allowing them to fulfill their missions and provide essential services to the public while holding debtors accountable for their financial obligations.

The Importance of Retaining an Arizona Criminal Defense Attorney to Negotiate with FLU

Retaining an attorney to negotiate with the Financial Litigation Unit (FLU) is of paramount importance, as it ensures that individuals or entities facing debt collection or enforcement actions have skilled legal representation to protect their rights and interests. FLU is a specialized unit within the Department of Justice focused on debt recovery, and their legal team possesses considerable experience and resources. When individuals or businesses engage in negotiations with the FLU without legal representation, they may be at a significant disadvantage. An experienced attorney can provide invaluable assistance in understanding the complexities of the legal process, assessing the merits of the debt and the potential for resolution, and advocating for more favorable terms, such as settlements or manageable payment plans. Moreover, legal counsel can help protect against overreaching actions by FLU, ensuring that the debt collection process is fair and equitable. In essence, retaining an attorney to negotiate with the Financial Litigation Unit is a critical step in achieving the best possible outcome while safeguarding one’s legal and financial rights.

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